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Chlorine is used to purify drinking water. Excess of chlorine is harmful.

Question:

Chlorine is used to purify drinking water. Excess of chlorine is harmful. The excess of chlorine is removed by treating with sulphur dioxide. Present a balanced equation for this redox change taking place in water.

Solution:

The given redox reaction can be represented as:

The oxidation half reaction is:

The oxidation number is balanced by adding two electrons as:

The charge is balanced by adding 4H+ ions as:

The O atoms and H+ ions are balanced by adding 2H2O molecules as:

The reduction half reaction is:

The chlorine atoms are balanced as:

The oxidation number is balanced by adding electrons

The balanced chemical equation can be obtained by adding equation (i) and (ii) as:

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