Diagonals AC and BD of a trapezium ABCD with AB || DC intersect each other at O.
Question. Diagonals $A C$ and $B D$ of a trapezium $A B C D$ with $A B \| D C$ intersect each other at $O$. Prove that $\operatorname{ar}(A O D)=\operatorname{ar}(B O C)$.


Solution:

Diagonals AC and BD of a trapezium ABCD with A

It can be observed that ΔDAC and ΔDBC lie on the same base DC and between the same parallels AB and CD.

$\therefore$ Area $(\Delta \mathrm{DAC})=$ Area $(\Delta \mathrm{DBC})$

$\Rightarrow$ Area $(\Delta D A C)-$ Area $(\Delta D O C)=$ Area $(\Delta D B C)-$ Area $(\Delta D O C)$

$\Rightarrow$ Area $(\triangle A O D)=$ Area $(\triangle B O C)$
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