How are metals used as semiconductors refined?

Question:

How are metals used as semiconductors refined? What is the principle of the method used?

Solution:

Semiconductors are refined by zone refining. Zone refining is based on the principle that impurities are more soluble in the molten metal than in the solid metal. A molten

zone moves along the impure rod heating it, the impurities dissolve in the molten zone and move along the rod, while the pure metal devoid of impurities gets left behind

and crystallises out.

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