In ∆PQR, right-angled at Q, PQ = 3 cm and PR = 6 cm.


In $\triangle P Q R$, right-angled at $Q, P Q=3 \mathrm{~cm}$ and $P R=6 \mathrm{~cm}$. Determine $\angle P$ and $\angle R$.


We are given the following information in the form of triangle

To find: $\angle P$ and $\angle R$

Now, in $\triangle P Q R$

$\cos P=\frac{P Q}{P R}$

$\cos P=\frac{3}{6}$…… (1)


Now we know that

$\cos 60^{\circ}=\frac{1}{2}$...(2)

Now by comparing equation (1) and (2)

We get,

$\angle P=60^{\circ} \ldots \ldots(3)$

Now we have

$\sin P=\frac{Q R}{P R}$

$\sin 60^{\circ}=\frac{Q R}{6}$

Now we know that

$\sin 60^{\circ}=\frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}$


$\frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}=\frac{Q R}{6}$

Now by cross multiplying

We get,

$6 \times \sqrt{3}=2 \times Q R$

$\Rightarrow 6 \sqrt{3}=2 Q R$

$\Rightarrow Q R=\frac{6 \sqrt{3}}{2}$

$\Rightarrow Q R=3 \sqrt{3}$


$Q R=3 \sqrt{3} \mathrm{~cm}$....(4)

Now we know that

$\cos R=\frac{Q R}{P R}$

$\cos R=\frac{3 \sqrt{3}}{6}$

$\Rightarrow \cos R=\frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}$.....(5)

Now we know,

$\cos 30^{\circ}=\frac{\sqrt{3}}{2} \ldots \ldots$(6)

Now by comparing equation (5) and (6)

We get,

$\angle R=30^{\circ} \ldots \ldots(7)$

Hence from equation (3) and (7)

$\angle P=60^{\circ}$ and $\angle R=30^{\circ}$



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