**Question:**

State whether each of the following set is finite or infinite:

(i) The set of lines which are parallel to the *x*-axis

(ii) The set of letters in the English alphabet

(iii) The set of numbers which are multiple of 5

(iv) The set of animals living on the earth

(v) The set of circles passing through the origin (0, 0)

**Solution:**

(i) The set of lines which are parallel to the *x*-axis is an infinite set because lines parallel to the *x*-axis are infinite in number.

(ii) The set of letters in the English alphabet is a finite set because it has 26 elements.

(iii) The set of numbers which are multiple of 5 is an infinite set because multiples of 5 are infinite in number.

(iv) The set of animals living on the earth is a finite set because the number of animals living on the earth is finite (although it is quite a big number).

(v) The set of circles passing through the origin (0, 0) is an infinite set because infinite number of circles can pass through the origin.