Themochemistry – JEE Main Previous Year Questions with Solutions
JEE Main Previous Year Papers Questions of Chemistry With Solutions are available at eSaral. Simulator   Previous Years AIEEE/JEE Mains Questions
Q. In a fuel cell methanol is used as fuel and oxygen gas is used as an oxidizer. The reaction is $\mathrm{CH}_{3} \mathrm{OH}(\ell)+\frac{3}{2} \mathrm{O}_{2}(\mathrm{g}) \longrightarrow \mathrm{CO}_{2}(\mathrm{g})+2 \mathrm{H}_{2} \mathrm{O}(\ell)$ At 298 K standard Gibb’s energies of formation for $\mathrm{CH}_{3} \mathrm{OH}(\ell), \mathrm{H}_{2} \mathrm{O}(\ell)$ and $\mathrm{CO}_{2}(\mathrm{g})$ are –166.2, –237.2 and –394.4 kJ $\mathrm{mol}^{-1}$ respectively. If standard enthalpy of combustion of methanol is –726 kJ $\mathrm{mol}^{-1}$, efficiency of the fuel cell will be (1) 90% (2) 97% (3) 80% (4) 87% [AIEEE-2009]

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Sol. (2) $\mathrm{CH}_{3} \mathrm{OH}(l)+\frac{3}{2} \mathrm{O}_{2}(\mathrm{g}) \rightarrow \mathrm{CO}_{2}+2 \mathrm{D}_{2} \mathrm{O}(l)$ $\Delta \mathrm{G}^{\circ}=\left(2 \Delta \mathrm{G}_{\mathrm{f}}^{\circ}\left[\mathrm{H}_{2} \mathrm{O}(l)+\Delta \mathrm{G}_{\mathrm{f}}^{\circ}\left[\mathrm{CO}_{2}(g)\right]\right)-\left(\Delta \mathrm{G}_{\mathrm{f}}^{\circ}\left[\mathrm{CH}_{3} \mathrm{OH}(l)+\frac{3}{2} \Delta \mathrm{G}_{\mathrm{F}}^{\circ}\left[\mathrm{O}_{2}(g)\right]\right)\right.\right.$ $\Delta \mathrm{G}^{\circ}=(2(-237.2)+(-394.4)-(-166.2+0)$ $\Delta \mathrm{G}^{\mathrm{o}}=-868.8+166.2$ $=-702.6 \mathrm{kJ} / \mathrm{mol}$ Cell efficiency $=\left|\frac{\Delta \mathrm{G}^{\circ}}{\Delta \mathrm{H}^{\circ}}\right| \times 100$ $=\frac{702.6}{726} \times 100=96.77 \approx 97 \%$

Q. On the basis of the following thermochemical data : $\left(\Delta \mathrm{G}_{\mathrm{f}}^{0} \mathrm{H}_{(\mathrm{a}) \mathrm{y}}^{+}=0\right)$ $\mathrm{H}_{2} \mathrm{O}(\ell) \rightarrow \mathrm{H}^{+}(\mathrm{aq})+\mathrm{OH}^{-}(\mathrm{aq}) ; \Delta \mathrm{H}=57.32 \mathrm{kJ}$ $\mathrm{H}_{2}(\mathrm{g})+\frac{1}{2} \mathrm{O}_{2}(\mathrm{g}) \rightarrow \mathrm{H}_{2} \mathrm{O}(\ell) ; \Delta \mathrm{H}=-286.20 \mathrm{kJ}$ The value of enthalpy of formation of $\mathrm{OH}^{-}$ ion at $25^{\circ} \mathrm{C}$ is :- (1) +228.88 kJ (2) –343.52 kJ (3) –22.88 kJ (4) –228.88 kJ [AIEEE-2009]

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Sol. (4) $\mathrm{H}_{2} \mathrm{O}(l) \longrightarrow \mathrm{H}^{+}(\mathrm{aq} .)+\mathrm{OH}^{-}(\mathrm{aq} .)$ $57.32=\Delta \mathrm{H}_{\mathrm{f}}^{\mathrm{o}}\left[\mathrm{OH}^{-}(\mathrm{aq})\right]-\Delta \mathrm{H}_{\mathrm{f}}^{\mathrm{o}}\left[\mathrm{H}_{2} \mathrm{O}_{(l)}\right]$ $57.32=\Delta \mathrm{H}_{\mathrm{F}}^{\circ}\left[\mathrm{OH}_{(\mathrm{aq})}^{-}\right]+286.20$ $\Delta \mathrm{H}_{\mathrm{F}}^{\circ}\left[\mathrm{OH}^{-}_{(\mathrm{aq})}\right]=-228.88 \mathrm{kJ}$

Q. The standard enthalphy of formation of $\mathrm{NH}_{3}$ is $-46.0 \mathrm{kJ} \mathrm{mol}^{-1}$ If the enthalpy of formation of H2 from its atoms is –436 kJ $\mathrm{mol}^{-1}$ and that of $\mathrm{N}_{2}$ is $-712 \mathrm{kJ} \mathrm{mol}^{-1}$, the average bond enthalpy of N–H bond in NH3 is (1) $-1102 \mathrm{kJ} \mathrm{mol}^{-1}$ (2) $-964 \mathrm{kJ} \mathrm{mol}^{-1}$ (3) $+352$ kJ mol $^{-1}$ (4) $+1056 \mathrm{kJ} \mathrm{mol}^{-1}$ [AIEEE-2010]

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Sol. (3) $\frac{1}{2} \mathrm{N}_{2}(\mathrm{g})+\frac{3}{2} \mathrm{H}_{2}(\mathrm{g}) \longrightarrow \mathrm{NH}_{3}(\mathrm{g})$ $-46=\frac{1}{2}(712)+\frac{3}{2}(436)-3(\mathrm{N}-\mathrm{H})$ – 46 = 356 + 654 – 3(N – H) N – H = 352 kJ / mol

Q. Consider the reaction : $4 \mathrm{NO}_{2}(\mathrm{g})+\mathrm{O}_{2}(\mathrm{g}) \rightarrow 2 \mathrm{N}_{2} \mathrm{O}_{5}(\mathrm{g}), \Delta_{\mathrm{r}} \mathrm{H}=-111 \mathrm{kJ}$ If $\mathrm{N}_{2} \mathrm{O}_{5}(\mathrm{s})$ is formed instead of $\mathrm{N}_{2} \mathrm{O}_{5}(\mathrm{g})$ in the above reaction, the rH value will be :- (given, of sublimation for $\mathrm{N}_{2} \mathrm{O}_{5}$ is 54 kJ \mathrm{mol}^{-1}) (1) –165 kJ (2) +54 kJ (3) +219 kJ (4) –219 kJ [AIEEE-2011]

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Sol. (4) If $\mathrm{N}_{2} \mathrm{O}_{5}(\mathrm{s})$ is formed instead of $\mathrm{N}_{2} \mathrm{O}_{5}(\mathrm{g})$ then $\Delta_{1} \mathrm{H}=-111-2(54)$ $\Delta_{\mathrm{r}} \mathrm{H}=-111-108$ $\Delta_{1} \mathrm{H}=-219 \mathrm{kJ} / \mathrm{mol}$

Q. The enthalpy of neutralisation of \mathrm{NH}_{4} \mathrm{OH}with HCl is –51.46 kJ \mathrm{mol}^{-1} and the enthalpy of neutralisation of NaOH with HCl is –55.90 kJ $\mathrm{mol}^{-1}$ The enthalpy of ionisation of $\mathrm{NH}_{4} \mathrm{OH}$ is: (1) $+107.36 \mathrm{kJ} \mathrm{mol}^{-1}$ (2) $-4.44 \mathrm{kJ} \mathrm{mol}^{-1}$ (3) $-107.36 \mathrm{kJ} \mathrm{mol}^{-1}$ (4) $+4.44 \mathrm{kJ} \mathrm{mo}$ [JEE-mains (online) 2012]

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Sol. (4)

Q. The reaction $\mathrm{X} \rightarrow \mathrm{Y}$ is an exothermic reaction. Activation energy of the reaction for X into Y is 150 kJ $\operatorname{mol}^{-1}$. Enthalpy of reaction is 135 kJ $\mathrm{mol}^{-1}$ . The activation energy for the reverse reaction, $\mathrm{Y} \rightarrow \mathrm{X}$ will be : (1) 15 kJ $\mathrm{mol}^{-1}$ (2) 285 kJ $\mathrm{mol}^{-1}$ (3) 270 kJ $\mathrm{mol}^{-1}$ (4) 280 kJ $\mathrm{mol}^{-1}$

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Sol. (3) $\Delta \mathrm{H}=\mathrm{E}_{\mathrm{a}(\mathrm{f})}-\mathrm{E}_{\mathrm{a}(\mathrm{b})}$ $-135=150-\mathrm{E}_{\mathrm{a}(\mathrm{b})}$ – 617 = 161 + 520 + 77 + x – 1047 x = –328 kJ/mol

Q. Given Based on data provided, the value of electron gain enthalpy of fluorine would be : (1) –300 kJ $\mathrm{mol}^{-1}$ (2) –328 kJ $\mathrm{mol}^{-1}$ (3) –350 kJ $\mathrm{mol}^{-1}$ (4) –228 kJ $\mathrm{mol}^{-1}$ [JEE-mains (online) 2013]

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Sol. (2)

Q. Given : The molar enthalpy of vapourisation of water will be :- (1) 241. 8 kJ $\mathrm{mol}^{-1}$ (2) 527.7 kJ $\mathrm{mol}^{-1}$ (3) 44.1 kJ $\mathrm{mol}^{-1}$ (4) 22.0 kJ $\mathrm{mol}^{-1}$ [JEE-mains (online) 2013]

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Sol. (3)

Q. The standard enthalpy of formation $\left(\Delta_{\mathrm{f}} \mathrm{H}_{298}^{\circ}\right)$ for methane, $\mathrm{CH}_{4}$ is– 74.9 kJ $\mathrm{mol}^{-1}$. In order to calculate the average energy given out in the formation of a C–H bond from this it is necessary to know which one of the following? (1) the dissociation energy of the hydrogen molecule, $\mathrm{H}_{2}$. (2) the dissociation energy of $\mathrm{H}_{2}$ and enthalpy of sublimation of carbon (graphite). (3) the first four ionisation energies of carbon and electron affinity of hydrogen. (4) the first four ionisation energies of carbon. [JEE-mains(online) 2014]

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Sol. (2) From formation enthalpy of methane C-H bond enthalpy can be calculated as – $\mathrm{C}(\mathrm{s})+2 \mathrm{H}_{2}(\mathrm{g}) \longrightarrow \mathrm{CH}_{4}(\mathrm{g})$ $\Delta \mathrm{H}_{\mathrm{f}}^{\circ}\left(\mathrm{CH}_{4}(\mathrm{g})\right)=\Delta \mathrm{H}_{\mathrm{a}}^{\circ}[\mathrm{C}(\mathrm{s})]+2(\mathrm{H}-\mathrm{H})-4(\mathrm{C}-\mathrm{H})$ $(\mathrm{C}-\mathrm{H})=\frac{\Delta \mathrm{H}_{\mathrm{f}}^{\circ}\left(\mathrm{CH}_{4}(\mathrm{g})\right)-\Delta \mathrm{H}_{\mathrm{f}}^{\circ}(\mathrm{C}(\mathrm{s}))-2[\mathrm{H}-\mathrm{H}]}{4}$ So for calculating (C-H) bond we will required data of H- H bond enthalpy and sublimation enthalpy of carbon solid.

Q. For an ideal Solution of two components A and B, which of the following is true ? (1) $\Delta \mathrm{H}_{\text {mixing }}<0$ (zero) (2) A – A, B – B and A – B interactions are identical (3) A – B interaction is stronger than A – A and B – B interactions (4) $\Delta \mathrm{H}_{\text {mixing }}>0$ (zero) [JEE-mains (online) 2014]

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Sol. (1)

Q. For complete combustion of ethanol, $\mathrm{C}_{2} \mathrm{H}_{5} \mathrm{OH}(\ell)+3 \mathrm{O}_{2}(\mathrm{g}) \rightarrow 2 \mathrm{CO}_{2}(\mathrm{g})+3 \mathrm{H}_{2} \mathrm{O}(\ell)$the amount of heat produced as measured in bomb calorimeter, is 1364.47 kJ $\mathrm{mol}^{-1}$ at $25^{\circ} \mathrm{C}$. Assuming ideality the Enthalpy of combustion, $\Delta_{\mathrm{C}} \mathrm{H}$, for the raction will be :- $\left(\mathrm{R}=8.314 \mathrm{kJ} \mathrm{mol}^{-1}\right)$ (1) $-1460.50 \mathrm{kj} \mathrm{mol}^{-1}$ (2) $-1350.50 \mathrm{kJ} \mathrm{mol}^{-1}$ (3) $-1366.95 \mathrm{kJ} \mathrm{mol}^{-1}$ $(4)-1361.95 \mathrm{kJ} \mathrm{mol}^{-1}$ [JEE-mains(offline)2014]

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Sol. (3)

Q. The heats of combustion of carbon and carbon monoxide are – 393.5 and – 285.5 kJ $\operatorname{mol}^{-1}$, respectively. The heat of formation (in kJ) of carbon monoxide per mole is : (1)– 110 (2) 110.5 (3) 676.5 (4) – 676.5 [JEE-Mains 2016]

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Sol. (1)

Q. Given [JEE – Main – 2017]

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Sol. (3) $\mathrm{CO}_{2}(\mathrm{g})+2 \mathrm{H}_{2} \mathrm{O}(\ell) \rightarrow \mathrm{CH}_{4}(\mathrm{g})+2 \mathrm{O}_{2}(\mathrm{g}) ; \Delta \mathrm{H}^{\circ}=890.3$ $\Delta_{\mathrm{f}} \mathrm{H}^{\circ}-393.5-285.8$ $\Delta_{\mathrm{r}} \mathrm{H}^{\circ}=\sum\left(\Delta_{\mathrm{f}} \mathrm{H}^{\circ}\right)_{\text {protucts }}-\sum\left(\Delta_{\mathrm{f}} \mathrm{H}^{\circ}\right)_{\text {Restatatis }}$ $890.3=\left[1 \times\left(\Delta_{\mathrm{f}} \mathrm{H}^{\circ}\right)_{\mathrm{CH}_{4}}+2 \times 0\right]-[1 \times(-393.5)+2(-285.8)]$ $\left(\Delta_{\mathrm{f}} \mathrm{H}^{\circ}\right)_{\mathrm{CH}_{4}}=890.3-965.1=-74.8 \mathrm{kJ} / \mathrm{mol}$

Q. The combustion of benzene (l) gives $\mathrm{CO}_{2}(\mathrm{g})$ and $\mathrm{H}_{2} \mathrm{O}(\mathrm{l})$. Given that heat of combustion of benzene at constant volume is –3263.9 kJ $\operatorname{mol}^{-1}$ at $25^{\circ} \mathrm{C}$; heat of combustion (in kJ $\mathrm{mol}^{-1}$) of benzene at constant pressure will be – (R = 8.314 $\mathrm{JK}^{-1}$ $\mathrm{mol}^{-1}$) (1)–452.46 (2) 3260 (3) –3267.6 (4) 4152.6 [JEE – Main – 2018]

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Sol. (3)

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