A rectangular sheet of paper 30 cm × 18 cm can be transformed into the curved surface of a right circular cylinder in two ways i.e., either by rolling the paper along its length or by rolling it along its breadth. Find the ratio of the volumes of the two cylinders thus formed.
Height = h cm = 30 cm
Diameter = d cm = 18 cm
Radius = r cm = 9 cm
∴ Volume = (πr2h) or (π(9 )2(30 )) = 2430π cm3
Height = h cm = 18 cm
Diameter = d cm = 30 cm,
Radius = r cm = 15 cm
∴ Volume = (πr2h) or (π(15 )2(18 )) = 4050π cm3
Hence, the ratio of the volumes of the two cylinders formed is 3:5.