How is 1-propoxypropane synthesised from propan-1-ol?

Question:

How is 1-propoxypropane synthesised from propan-1-ol? Write mechanism of this reaction.

Solution:

1-propoxypropane can be synthesized from propan-1-ol by dehydration.

Propan-1-ol undergoes dehydration in the presence of protic acids (such as H2SO4, H3PO4) to give 1-propoxypropane.

The mechanism of this reaction involves the following three steps:

Step 1: Protonation

Step 2: Nucleophilic attack

Step 3: Deprotonation

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